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dc.contributor.authorBurgess, E.R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKing, B.H.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-25T05:15:50Z
dc.date.available2019-11-25T05:15:50Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationBurgess IV, ER and King BH. 2016. Behavior and survival of the filth fly parasitoids Spalangia endius and Urolepis rufipes (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in response to three granular house fly baits and components. Environmental Entomology 45:6:1496-1504.en_US
dc.identifier.otherdoi: 10.1093/ee/nvw135
dc.identifier.urihttps://commons.lib.niu.edu/handle/10843/20588
dc.description.abstractBehaviors and mortality of two filth fly parasitoid wasps, Spalangia endius Walker and Urolepis rufipes Ashmead, were tested in response to granular fly baits containing one of three active ingredients (AI): Golden Malrin (methomyl), QuickBayt (imidacloprid), or Quikstrike (dinotefuran). Behavioral responses to each of two components of the baits, the AIs and the fly attractant pheromone (Z)-9-tricosene, were also examined independently. S. endius avoided contact with bait granules, regardless of bait type. However, when S. endius contacted bait residue, the imidacloprid bait appeared to be the least harmful of the baits for S. endius, at least in the short term. S. endius was attracted to imidacloprid by itself. However, S. endius avoided (z)-9-tricosene. In contrast to S. endius’ attraction to imidacloprid, S. endius neither avoided nor was attracted to methomyl or dinotefuran. For U. rufipes, the methomyl bait appeared to be especially harmful. U. rufipes avoided bait granules with imidacloprid or dinotefuran but not with methomyl, died quickly in the presence of methomyl bait residue, and had a methomyl LC50 that was lower than that for S. endius. The avoidance by U. rufipes of granules with imidacloprid or dinotefuran appears to be related to components other than the AIs or the (Z)-9-tricosene because U. rufipes did not avoid either individually. The behavioral avoidance of the parasitoids in the present study occurred despite no exposure recently, if ever, to these pesticides.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_US
dc.subjectfilth flyen_US
dc.subjectparasitoid waspen_US
dc.subjectparasitoiden_US
dc.subjectSpalangiaen_US
dc.subjectUrolepisen_US
dc.subjectbaiten_US
dc.subjectfly baiten_US
dc.subjectmethomylen_US
dc.subjectimidaclopriden_US
dc.subjectdinotefuranen_US
dc.subjectneonicotinioiden_US
dc.subject(Z)-9-Tricoseneen_US
dc.subjectmuscalureen_US
dc.subjectattractionen_US
dc.subjectavoidanceen_US
dc.subjectsurvivalen_US
dc.subjectinsecticideen_US
dc.subjectpesticideen_US
dc.subjectgroomen_US
dc.subjectgroomingen_US
dc.titleBehavior and survival of the filth fly parasitoids Spalangia endius and Urolepis rufipes (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in response to three granular house fly baits and components.en_US
dc.type.genreArticleen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Biological Sciencesen_US


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