The pre-revolutionary economies of England and Russia and the economic status of the leaders of revolt
Bunnell, Robert A.
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This paper had its beginnings in the graduate social science course, "Great Revolutionary Movements in Modern History" under Dr. Harold E. Atkins. The text for this course was The Anatomy of Revolution by Dr. Crane Brinton of Harvard, and it was this volume that presented the ideas that are the basis of this study. In order to have the reader and the writer begin at the sane point in their thinking it will be necessary to discuss briefly the structure and content of Dr. Brinton's book. The Anatomy of Revolution is an attempt to do the basic research in four specific revolutions, namely, the English Revolution of 1640, the American Revolution, the French Revolution, and the Russian Revolution of 1917, in order to lay "a firm foundation in the obvious" upon which to build a "more complex fabric of developed science.1 In order to do this, Dr. Brinton describes the basic circumstances and key events of the four revolutions in terms of their similarities. Dr. Brinton calls these statements of similarity "uniformities". A uniformity, then, is a limited statement in specific terms applied only to four particular revolutions, not intended to be used to forecast revolutions, but to describe four revolts which are accomplished facts. Only by limiting the scope of the concept of the uniformity, does Dr. Brinton feel a valid basic foundation can be laid for the study of revolution. 1. Dr. Crane Brinton, The Anatomy of Revolution (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1952), p.26