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Drilling-in and chewing-out of hosts by the parasitoid wasp Spalangia endius (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) when parasitizing Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae)
(Oxford University Press, 2015)
Many organisms are protected from natural enemies by a tough exterior. Such protection is particularly important for immobile stages, such as pupae. The pupa of some insects is protected by a puparium, which is a shell ...