An Examinationof Postpartum Depression and its' Effects on Children
Eimen, Paige L.,1998--
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The objective of this paper was to examine the prominent key predictors of postpartum depression (PPD), how mother’s PPD may affect children, and what treatments are most effective in treating PPD. A literature review was used to find relevant information on the topics as well as a systematic review was conducted to review literature related to PPD and child outcomes. In the systematic review, a literature search was conducted and 481 articles from PubMed and 48 articles from PsycINFO were screened using predetermined search terms and inclusion criteria, resulting in only three articles meeting criteria. From the first section, key predictors were determined as prenatal depression, prenatal anxiety, and prenatal stress. The second section results indicated that children may be at risk for having behavioral problems and underdeveloped language. The third section found that antidepressants, interpersonal psychotherapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy are effective treatments to treat PPD. Future directions for this study is to examine social economical status in women for key predictors, examine the father’s PPD on child outcomes, and continue to push screenings on mothers who have PPD.