Observed autonomy-relatedness, warmth, and rigid control and their relationship to adolescent outcomes
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In the current study, the relationship between observed autonomy-relatedness behaviors and emotional climate was investigated. Adolescents between the ages of 10 and 15 and their mothers were coded for behavioral indicators of exhibiting and inhibiting autonomy-relatedness, and these codes were analyzed in relation to self-reported warmth and rigid control and their association with adolescent outcomes of self-worth and internalizing problems. The findings reveal that discrepancies in the levels of adolescents' and mothers' autonomy-relatedness behaviors were associated with poorer adolescent outcomes. Perceptions of maternal warmth were consistently related to positive adolescent outcomes. Autonomy restricting behaviors were frequently associated with positive adolescent outcomes, contrary to hypotheses. Results suggest that future research should investigate levels of each dyad member's autonomy exhibiting and autonomy inhibiting behaviors separately.