Geography of Obesity and Related Health and Socioeconomic Factors in Chicago, Illinois
Whiston, Peyton I., 1997--
MetadataShow full item record
Obesity is a major global health concern, but few studies have examined the spatial distribution of obesity and related health factors on a neighborhood level scale. In this project, our study area is Chicago, the third largest city in the United States and a very diverse metropolitan area. For this project, Microsoft Excel, SPSS, and MGWR software was used for statistical analyses while QGIS was used for mapping purposes. Significant correlations were found among all of the health metrics that were analyzed. There was also a strong correlation between the hardship index, a composite of various socioeconomic factors, and obesity rates. Mapping these variables revealed a clustering of poor health and poor socioeconomic status on large parts of the south and west sides of Chicago. These findings suggest that policies to improve the health of Chicagoans must specifically target these neighborhoods with a variety of strategies that focus on the variety of determinant of obesity and its related health issues.