The effect of a parent education program on parental and children's attitudes and parental communication skills
Barratt, Marilou Prentice
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The study evaluated the effects of a PET oriented parent education program on parents' attitudes, children's perceptions of parents' behavior, and parents’ communication skills. Parents’ attitudes were measured by the Parent Attitude Survey. Children's attitudes were measured by the Children's Report of Parental Behavior Inventory. Parents' communication skills were measured by coding recordings of the interaction of parent and child in an experimental situation. A pretest and a posttest were given to a control group of five non-participant mothers and their children and an experimental group of twelve participant mothers and their children. The control group showed no significant change in any category. The experimental group increased active listening (a skill used to facilitate understanding of children's communications) at the .004 level of significance. The experimental group parents with high I-message scores (IM is a skill used by the parent to express himself) decreased their scores, low scorers increased their scores. The balancing of IM scores indicated more mutual participation by parent and child. Hostile detachment (a children's perception) decreased significantly at .05. No other significant attitude change appeared. Behavior changes might not persist without attitude support.