A consideration of the influences of democracy upon Japanese elementary and secondary education with special emphasis upon the reorganization accomplished during the reconstruction period following the end of the second world war
Bell, Norman T. (Norman Taylor), 1929-
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In a consideration of the influences which democratic forces have had upon the public education of Japan, mention must first be made of the history of the Japanese nation to give adequate background for the purpose of differentiating between influences of democracy upon their education and influences which were inherent in the formation of the people as a nation. In order to view the Japanese education in the light of past events in their history and their formation as a nation, this study will first deal with their history from the earliest times, with specific emphasis upon the events which have been very influential in the formulation of educational policies. Then, following this brief view of the history, those highpoints in the history which have had great effects upon the education will be brought out in finer detail so as to emphasize the reasons for the present policies of education in Japan. Finally, the period of great reorganization which followed World War II will be discussed, showing what was the status of education at the time of the Occupation and what suggestions for reorganization of the educative system were given by those who were sent to aid in the development of Japan as a democratic nation. In conclusion, the reactions of the Japanese to the suggestions and orders of the Occupation will be mentioned, and the status of the education system today with any trends which show what might soon come to pass in Japan will bring this study to a close.