Gender Similarities and Differences in Military Sexual Trauma
Boehning, Megan A., 1997--
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While treatment and knowledge of military sexual trauma has improved, there are still issues in understanding MST and how well victims adjust. There are various consequences that affect MST survivor’s lives, including health, psychological, and lifetime implications. Though men and women both face many of the same outcomes of MST, they also endure gender-specific sequela. This manuscript will examine the similarities and differences in barriers, symptoms, and treatment for men and women service members. Much of the research that is presented in this paper includes meta-analyses as well as singular studies. The main demographics in the studies tend to be Caucasian men and women who served in the army, were between the ages of thirty and fifty, and were either married or separated/divorced. The major findings suggest that men and women appear to experience mostly the same sequela but at different magnitudes. To be specific, men are prone to more sexual problems, homelessness, and issues of masculinity and sexuality while women are prone to more chronic pain conditions, higher association of PTSD, and issues with their role as a woman. This information can help people better understand and treat men and women who have experienced military sexual trauma.