Social support compensation and internalizing symptoms during adolescence
Lyell, Kelly Marie
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The current study sought to add to the social support literature by examining the relationship between adolescent perceptions of social support from different support sources and internalizing symptoms. More specifically, the present study investigated stress-buffering and compensation effects of social support from mothers, fathers, classmates, and close friends related to internalizing symptoms at the middle school level. The primary question guiding this study was: Does social support from one source moderate support from another source when predicting internalizing symptoms? The results were examined specifically to determine if support from one source can compensate for a lack of support from another source. A secondary question was: How does this effect vary by gender or levels of stress? The specific goals of this study were to: (1) examine the relationship between social support from different sources and internalizing symptoms; (2) examine the potential for social support from one source to moderate support from another source when predicting internalizing symptoms; (3) examine the potential for social support from one source to moderate support from another source at different levels of stress when predicting internalizing symptoms.