"A happier way of learning" : the Visual Instruction Movement, 1918-1928
Johnson, Wendell G.
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The Visual Instruction Movement (1918-1928) was a constituent part of the field of visual education, which began in the early 1900s. With the further development of sound films and radio, it became audiovisual education; by the 1950s the field was known as educational technology. The Visual Instruction Movement experienced extensive growth during the decade 1918-1928. According to Paul Saettler, several key characteristics of contemporary educational technology arose during the Visual Instruction Movement (1918-1928): professional journals and organizations, research studies, formal courses in visual education, and visual education departments and extension services. In addition to Saettler's list of developments in educational technology during the period immediately following World War I, we can add the appearance of visual instruction monographs and textbooks. The title of this dissertation comes from Charles Roach, who wrote, "Visual education is a means to an end, not the end itself. Some have called it a happier way of learning." This dissertation, A Happier Way of Learning, employs content analysis on many of the primary documents of the Visual Instruction Movement to narrate the origin and early development of several characteristics of educational technology identified by Saettler.