Importance of community services and location to industrial firms in DuPage County, Illinois
Plonczynski, James J.
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With the decline of the industrial sector of the economy in many parts of the Midwest, both state and local governments in this region are attempting to assess their industrial sector's attitudes and implement policies to combat this decline. In Illinois, the Industrial Retention Program was initiated to inventory the industrial community and provide answers to the problems caused by the decline in the industrial economy. This research analyzed a portion of the Industrial Retention and Expansion survey that was conducted in DuPage County during the Spring of 1981. The portion of the survey that provided data for the research was the section that rated community services and identified future growth and relocation plans of the individual firms. The research evaluated community service perceptions of the firms to determine locational differences that existed within the County and differences in perceptions that existed among expanding or relocating firms. The research combines the traditional view of the spatial factors in transport oriented location theory with the segment of the theory that discusses agglomeration economies resulting from good community services. A discriminant analysis statistical procedure was used to analyze this data. Four hypotheses were tested using the future industrial plans, industry type, municipal and industrial park location as the groups and fourteen selected community services as the discriminating variables. Several significant differences were found in the perceptions of community services in the expanding industries and those that had no change in their future plans. A conclusion was reached that these differences in perceptions could be used to identify patterns in the community service perceptions of similar firms and assist in the formulation of economic development policies regarding the industrial attitudes of the community infrastructure.