Factors influencing job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction among physical education teachers
Magnotta, John Ralph
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The purpose of this study was to determine if significant differences in job satisfaction attitudes exist between physical education teachers at two different levels of the educational environment, and whether the level of satisfaction is influenced by one's gender or tenure status. The subjects were 174 physical educators from six selected public universities in Illinois, and various public systems throughout northern Illinois. Job satisfaction and demographic data were collected through the use of questionnaires. The Job Descriptive Index (JDI), a valid and reliable measure of job satisfaction, and the Personal and Professional Background Questionnaire were employed as the testing instruments. The JDI data were analyzed by an analysis of variance procedure. The demographic data present a clear descriptive picture of the sample. Results of the investigation tended to support the existence of certain attitudinal differences between university and public school physical educators. Significant differences were found between the two educational levels, tenure status, and the total JDI score. One's gender did not influence the level of satisfaction on any of the scales tested. University level physical educators were generally more satisfied than public school physical educators. The areas of work on the job, supervision on the job, and relations with co-workers indicated positive satisfaction responses, while the areas of pay and promotions produced the most dissatisfied responses.