Health related physical fitness and gross motor skill performance of children in mainstreamed physical education
Norton, Mary Clare
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The purpose of this study was to determine if differences in the rate of change existed on measures of health related physical fitness and gross motor skills between special education and regular education children in a mainstreamed physical education setting. Thirty-one mainstreamed handicapped students were pre- and posttested along with an equal number of matched (by age and gender) and randomly selected nonhandicapped children. The AAHPERD Health Related Physical Fitness Test was used to measure components of fitness, and the short form of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency was applied to assess gross motor ability. All subjects received 30 minutes of daily instruction from certified physical education specialists. The treatment period consisted of 11 weeks, or 48 school days. Percentage rate of change values for each of the test items were calculated and a t test for correlated samples was used to determine if differences existed between groups. The results indicated no significant differences in the rate of change for 13 out of the 15 variables tested. The results also indicated that, as a total group, the subjects improved their performances from the pretest to the posttest on 12 of the 15 variables tested. Finally, as a group, the handicapped students performed at a lower level than the nonhandicapped students in physical fitness measures and gross motor skills.