Behavior modification, nutrition information, and exercise in the treatment of overweight teenagers
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Exercise as a factor in weight loss was studied in two weight control programs. Program One (Experimental) incorporated behavior modification techniques, nutrition information discussions and exercise. Program Two (Control) incorporated behavior modification techniques and nutrition information discussions. The purposes of this study were to compare the effects of each program with overweight teenagers and to help these students become nutritionally educated, behaviorally self-controlled and exercise oriented. The volunteers at the end of this study consisted of fifteen students, three males, twelve females, and two faculty members, one male and one female. Both programs met for 12 weeks which included two 50 minute individual assessment meetings and ten 50 minute group session meetings with the nutritionist and other students. Assessments included weight changes and eating and exercise habit changes. These were measured at the beginning and end of treatment. The results indicate a mean weight loss of -2.6 pounds in the experimental group and -3.6 pounds in the control group. Spearman's Rank Order Correlation performed on eating and exercise habits before and after treatment indicates these behaviors did not change significantly due to treatment. Although the results do not show a dramatic breakthrough for treatment of obesity in teenagers most students stated that they learned the proper way to lose weight is by following a nutritious diet and exercising.