Therapeutic Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest
Flemming, Courtney R., 1995--
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Every year, approximately 300,000 adults suffer a cardiac arrest (Mathiesen, McPherson, Ordway, & Smith, 2015). The effects on the brain after an ischemic episode can be tragic, leaving behind devastating neurological deficits, or even death. An initiative to try to prevent neurological deficits after cardiac arrest is called therapeutic hypothermia. Therapeutic hypothermia is an intervention that nurses have encouraged physicians to prescribe to reduce the effects of negative neurological outcomes. The process entails cooling the entire body to reach a core temperature of 32 to 34 degrees Celsius for 12 to 48 hours to slow down the metabolic demands of the body that it would normally need for survival (Mathiesen, McPherson, Ordway, & Smith, 2015). By giving the body a small vacation from its normal day to day demands, the hope is to preserve brain function for better long- term patient outcomes. Through this literature review, therapeutic hypothermia will be explored as an intervention to preserve brain function, quality of life, and prevent death (Rittenberg & Callaway, 2017).