Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorAshley, Walker S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStrader, Stephen M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-09T18:15:44Z
dc.date.available2018-01-09T18:15:44Z
dc.date.issued2016-06-03
dc.identifier.citationAshley, W. S., & Strader, S. M. (May 01, 2016). Recipe for Disaster: How the Dynamic Ingredients of Risk and Exposure Are Changing the Tornado Disaster Landscape. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, 5, 767-786. & Ashley, W. S. (January 01, 2015). Driving Blind Weather-Related Vision Hazards and Fatal Motor Vehicle Crashes. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 5, 755-778.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00150.1
dc.identifier.urihttp://commons.lib.niu.edu/handle/10843/17839
dc.description.abstractTornado disasters and their potential are a product of both hazard risk and underlying physical and social vulnerabilities. This investigation appraises exposure, which is an important component and driver of vulnerability, and its interrelationship with tornado risk in the United States since the mid-twentieth century. The research demonstrates how each of these dynamic variables have evolved individually and interacted collectively to produce differences in hazard impact and disaster potential at the national, regional, and local scales. Results reveal that escalating tornado impacts are driven fundamentally by growing built-environment exposure. The increasing tornado disaster probability is not uniform across the landscape, with the mid-South region containing the greatest threat based on the juxtaposition of an immense tornado footprint risk and elevated exposure/development rates, which manifests—at least for one important impact marker—in the area’s high mortality rate. Contemporary, high-impact tornado events are utilized to emphasize how national- and regional-level changes in exposure are also apparent at the scale of the tornado. The study reveals that the disaster ingredients of risk and exposure do vary markedly across scales, and where they have increasing and greater overlap, the probability of disaster surges. These findings have broad implications for all weather and climate hazards, with both short- and long-term mitigation strategies required to reduce future impacts and to build resilience in the face of continued and amplifying development in hazard-prone regions.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipTornado disasters and their potential are a product of both hazard risk and underlying physical and social vulnerabilities. This investigation appraises exposure, which is an important component and driver of vulnerability, and its interrelationship with tornado risk in the United States since the mid-twentieth century. The research demonstrates how each of these dynamic variables have evolved individually and interacted collectively to produce differences in hazard impact and disaster potential at the national, regional, and local scales. Results reveal that escalating tornado impacts are driven fundamentally by growing built-environment exposure. The increasing tornado disaster probability is not uniform across the landscape, with the mid-South region containing the greatest threat based on the juxtaposition of an immense tornado footprint risk and elevated exposure/development rates, which manifests—at least for one important impact marker—in the area’s high mortality rate. Contemporary, high-impact tornado events are utilized to emphasize how national- and regional-level changes in exposure are also apparent at the scale of the tornado. The study reveals that the disaster ingredients of risk and exposure do vary markedly across scales, and where they have increasing and greater overlap, the probability of disaster surges. These findings have broad implications for all weather and climate hazards, with both short- and long-term mitigation strategies required to reduce future impacts and to build resilience in the face of continued and amplifying development in hazard-prone regions.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Meteorological Societyen_US
dc.rightsAMS is aware that some authors, as a condition of their funding, must publish their work under a Creative Commons license. We therefore offer a CC BY license for authors who indicate that their work is funded by agencies that we have confirmed have this requirement. Information about the CC BY license can be found on the Creative Commons web page. Any subsequent reuse or distribution of content licensed under CC BY must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.en_US
dc.subjectweatheren_US
dc.subjecttornadoen_US
dc.subjectclimate hazardsen_US
dc.subjecthazard-prone regionsen_US
dc.subjectdisasteren_US
dc.titleRecipe for Disaster: How the Dynamic Ingredients of Risk and Exposure Are Changing the Tornado Disaster Landscapeen_US
dc.type.genreArticleen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Geographyen_US
dc.rights.statementIn Copyrighten_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record