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Reporting of underrepresented populations in autism treatment studies across 25 years

Show simple item record Kasambira Fannin, D., 1974-- en_US 2017-12-20T18:14:08Z 2017-12-20T18:14:08Z 2017-12-20
dc.identifier.issn 2508-5948
dc.description.abstract Purpose: Eight language and autism related journals published between 1993 and 2017 were analyzed to identify trends in the inclusion of underrepresented populations in empirical studies with social skill, play, joint attention, and expressive language outcomes. Relationships among treatment outcomes, treatment settings, and underrepresented population types were explored. Method: All articles (12,381) were searched to identify intervention studies that included participants with autism and were classified by treatment target and setting (N=291). The selected studies were then examined to determine if any participants were from underrepresented populations (n=138) and categorized by type of underrepresented population. Results: Most studies did not indicate demographic characteristics beyond disability, age, and gender; and few relationships between frequency of underrepresented population articles, treatment targets, or intervention setting emerged. Results indicated that demographic characteristics were often omitted, despite recommendations to report descriptive information. Conclusion: Although inclusion of underrepresented populations has increased since 1993, treatment study results cannot yet be generalized to a more diverse population, due to the disproportionately low number of participants from racial/ethnic minority, multilingual, and low socioeconomic status groups reported and/or included in studies. The dearth of underrepresented participants suggests that conscious efforts to recruit and report them are still necessary. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Northern Illinois University Great Journeys Graduate Assistant Stipend Enhancement project, and the College of Health and Human Sciences Support for Research Consultancy. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Clinical Archives of Communicative Disorders en_US
dc.subject autism en_US
dc.subject treatment en_US
dc.subject underrepresented populations en_US
dc.title Reporting of underrepresented populations in autism treatment studies across 25 years en_US
dc.type.genre Article en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.contributor.department School of Allied Health and Communicative Disorders en_US

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