The relationship of sorority membership with body objectification and social pressure in sorority women at a Midwestern university
Tower, Hannah Elizabeth
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Body objectification and social pressure are risk factors for developing eating disorders. Currently there is limited research on specific populations like sorority women who are at an increased risk for developing these disorders. This study used Dr. Nita McKinley's Objectified Body Consciousness Scale and the Social Pressure subscale from the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 to better understand the relationship of sorority membership with body objectification and social pressure. It was found that the longer women were members of a sorority the less body shame they experienced and the longer they lived in a sorority house the less body surveillance, body shame, and social pressure they experienced. Alternatively, higher levels of social pressure were positively correlated with increased levels of body surveillance and body shame. This research identifies a need to focus on primary prevention of eating disorders and to further understand risk factors in the sorority population.