Peak to average power ratio reduction in STBC MIMO-OFDM
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Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is an advanced 3G/4G scheme which achieves high data rate and combats multipath fading. However, OFDM systems suffer from nonlinear peak to average power ratio (PAPR) and carrier frequency offsets (CFO). These two factors lead to degraded performance and thereby reducing the system efficiency. OFDM with multiple antennas both at transmitter and receiver and space-time block coding is used to increase the channel capacity and receiver diversity. Space-time block coding is used to increase data rate and for reliable communications. With space-time block coding we can take advantage of both space and time. It is also possible to implement spatial multiplexing using space-time block coding. However, MIMO-OFDM also suffers from high PAPR value. Many methods have been proposed to reduce the PAPR problem in OFDM. Distortion techniques, coding techniques and scrambling techniques are some of those methods. These methods can be extended to MIMO-OFDM. Distortion techniques can reduce the PAPR, but in turn it increases bit error rate. Coding techniques have limitations with number of subcarriers. Scrambling techniques can reduce the PAPR effectively. In this paper we used SLM and PTS methods to reduce the PAPR problem in MIMO-OFDM. The bit error rate performance for each method is plotted and compared with each other. BER performance of MIMO is compared with SIMO and MISO.