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dc.contributor.authorParness, Jeffrey A.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-16T15:34:52Z
dc.date.available2017-03-16T15:34:52Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationJeffrey A. Parness, American State Constitutional Equalities, 45 Gonz. L. Rev. 773 (2009/2010).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://commons.lib.niu.edu/handle/10843/17365
dc.description.abstractMany American state constitutions contain equality provisions. Some simply promote Equal Protection in ways comparable to the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the federal constitution. Others are worded quite differently, though read in lockstep with federal precedents. Yet others vary both in letter and spirit form federal constitutional equalities. These variations extend at time constitutional equality protections far beyond the federal precedents. Varying American state constitutional equalities are today promoted by phrases and terms like equality, equal protection, nondiscrimination, sameness, and uniformity. They occasionally limit private as well as public actors. And they occasionally limit the roles of legislatures in defining or enforcing constitutional equalities. For those interested in securing greater American state constitutional equalities, whether for sexual orientation, gender or other classes, Article I, Section 17 of the Illinois constitution provides an excellent model, with self-executing rights, limited General Assembly authority, and regulations of private and public discrimination. The approach in Section 17 is far superior to the approaches in Sections 18 and 19 of the Illinois constitution, which also promote equalities, and to the approaches in other American state constitutional equality provisions.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectconstitutional lawen_US
dc.subjectequal protectionen_US
dc.subjectdiscriminationen_US
dc.subjectequalityen_US
dc.subjectstate constitutional lawen_US
dc.subjectstate constitutionsen_US
dc.titleAmerican State Constitutional Equalitiesen_US
dc.type.genreArticleen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Lawen_US
dc.rights.statementIn Copyright - Educational Use Permitteden_US


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