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American State Constitutional Equalities

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dc.contributor.author Parness, Jeffrey A. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-16T15:34:52Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-16T15:34:52Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.citation Jeffrey A. Parness, American State Constitutional Equalities, 45 Gonz. L. Rev. 773 (2009/2010). en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://commons.lib.niu.edu/handle/10843/17365
dc.description.abstract Many American state constitutions contain equality provisions. Some simply promote Equal Protection in ways comparable to the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the federal constitution. Others are worded quite differently, though read in lockstep with federal precedents. Yet others vary both in letter and spirit form federal constitutional equalities. These variations extend at time constitutional equality protections far beyond the federal precedents. Varying American state constitutional equalities are today promoted by phrases and terms like equality, equal protection, nondiscrimination, sameness, and uniformity. They occasionally limit private as well as public actors. And they occasionally limit the roles of legislatures in defining or enforcing constitutional equalities. For those interested in securing greater American state constitutional equalities, whether for sexual orientation, gender or other classes, Article I, Section 17 of the Illinois constitution provides an excellent model, with self-executing rights, limited General Assembly authority, and regulations of private and public discrimination. The approach in Section 17 is far superior to the approaches in Sections 18 and 19 of the Illinois constitution, which also promote equalities, and to the approaches in other American state constitutional equality provisions. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject constitutional law en_US
dc.subject equal protection en_US
dc.subject discrimination en_US
dc.subject equality en_US
dc.subject state constitutional law en_US
dc.subject state constitutions en_US
dc.title American State Constitutional Equalities en_US
dc.type.genre Article en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.contributor.department College of Law en_US
dc.rights.statement In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted en_US


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