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dc.contributor.authorParness, Jeffrey A.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-15T20:37:28Z
dc.date.available2016-12-15T20:37:28Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationJeffrey A. Parness, Survey of Illinois Law: Stepparent Childcare, 38 S. Ill. U. L.J. 575 (2014).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://commons.lib.niu.edu/handle/10843/17198
dc.description.abstractIn Illinois, the “liberty interests of parents” are reflected in the “superior rights doctrine,” which holds, as elsewhere, that parents have superior rights regarding the care of their children. This doctrine is necessitated by U.S. Supreme Court decisions, including Troxel v. Granville in 2000. The superior rights doctrine is incorporated into some Illinois statutes, as when childcare may be afforded to a nonparent “only if” the child “is not in the physical custody” of a parent and as when “reasonable visitation privileges” may only be afforded a stepparent who has lived with the child for at least five years. The Illinois superior rights doctrine was employed in 2012 to deny childcare opportunities to a former stepfather over maternal objection in the case of In re Marriage of Mancine. There, the stepfather allegedly assumed, with the mother, “a caregiving role over a significant period of time.” There was an explicit rejection of the de facto parent doctrine. In reviewing Troxel and Mancine, as well as other American state precedents, this article urges broader stepparent childcare opportunities be recognized in Illinois, especially where there is only one parent under law. It prefers expansion via new special statutes on stepparents, but recognizes expansion could also come via new general statutes expanding the definitions of legal parenthood or of those nonparents who are eligible to seek childcare. Without imminent General Assembly action, the article urges incremental common law expansions of stepparent childcare opportunities in Illinois.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectstepparenten_US
dc.subjectchild custodyen_US
dc.subjectchild supporten_US
dc.subjectchild visitationen_US
dc.subjectchildcareen_US
dc.subjectparenting timeen_US
dc.subjectmarriage dissolutionen_US
dc.subjectdivorceen_US
dc.subjectchildrenen_US
dc.subjectsuperior parental rightsen_US
dc.subjectTroxelen_US
dc.subjectde facto parenten_US
dc.subjectpresumed parenten_US
dc.subjectequitable adoptionen_US
dc.subjectparentage by estoppelen_US
dc.subjectin locis parentisen_US
dc.titleSurvey of Illinois Law: Stepparent Childcareen_US
dc.type.genreArticleen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Lawen_US


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