Theory in practice : archaeology field school in Sicily
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Essentially an examination of Archaeological Theory, this study seeks to illuminate four of the various theoretical approaches to archaeology: Processual, Behavioral, Structuralism, and Marxism. These approaches are evaluated for practical application through student participation in the Sicilian Archaeological Research Project in Salemi Sicily. Students were asked to complete questionnaires to determine the faults and merits of each theory. The students’ perspectives and understanding on Archaeological theory change with the incorporation of hands-on research techniques, resulting in a measured transitional period that can be used to aide in theory understanding for students that may not have the opportunity to study abroad. This study examines the ideologies of each perspective before presenting the results of the student questionnaires. Conclusions provide a detailed examination of eqch theory’s merits through excavations in Salemi and classroom application suggestions to aide in student understanding of Archaeological theory.