A Literature Review of Effective and Beneficial Therapy Practices for Nonverbal Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurological disorder that causes an individual to have struggles communicating with others (Web MD, 2010). People with ASD experience problems with verbal and nonverbal communication as well as social interactions (Gillon & Smith, 2004). Today there are many cases of ASD in the United States. The incidence of ASD has increased from 1 in 100, to 1 in 88 people (Stobbe, 2012). People with ASD who are nonverbal are sometimes thought to be deaf because of a lack of response when others speak to them (Web MD, 2010). There are several different therapy practices for individuals with ASD that can work separately or in combination to achieve the best outcome for the patient, which is better communication. The current investigation reviews the history and characteristics of ASD and relevant literature about beneficial therapy practices, such as music therapy, imitative interaction intervention, applied behavior analysis, play based therapy, art therapy, and family involvement for those individuals affected by the disorder.