A comparison of peer attitudes toward handicapped individuals in an elementary physical education setting
Nugent, Mary Ann
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes of 10- to 12-year-old subjects toward handicapped individuals in physical education. In addition, the attitudes of the subjects who worked with handicapped individuals in a peer tutoring program in physical education were compared to those subjects who did not work with handicapped individuals in a peer tutoring program. A total of 32 subjects from 10 to 12 years of age participated in the study. Subjects attended two elementary schools in northern Illinois. The participants were divided into two groups according to their contact with handicapped individuals in physical education. Group A (peer tutors) consisted of the subjects who participated in a peer tutoring program in physical education. Group B (peer nontutors) consisted of students who did not participate in a peer tutoring program and did not have contact with handicapped individuals in physical education. The subjects in both groups were administered a modification of the Peer Attitudes Toward the Handicapped Scale (PATHS). The questions were divided into three subscales: physical, learning/ educational, and behavioral handicaps. The raw scores were converted into normal curve equivalent (NCE) scores to provide a range in attitudes from very negative to very positive. The results indicated that 45% of the subjects in Group A demonstrated an above average to very positive attitude toward handicapped individuals while 62% of the subjects in Group B demonstrated an above average to very positive attitude toward handicapped individuals. The Mann-Whitney U Test was utilized to determine whether a significant difference existed between the attitudes of Group A and of Group B. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the subscales or the total score.