Motivational orientation and self-regulation of young children
Gambro, John Scott
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This experiment was designed to investigate external environmental influences and internal self-influence in young children's self-regulatory behavior. Subjects performed two tasks under lenient-demand conditions. External reinforcers were not emphasised. Eighteen of the subjects were relatively intrinsically motivated (IM) with sixteen being relatively extrinsically motivated (EM). Both external and internal influences affected performance with time on task being the dependent variable. As expected, IM subjects spent more time working on both tasks. This experiment demonstrates that internal and external factors interact to produce substantial individual differences in children's self- regulatory behavior.