Effects of three physical training programs on the running speed of Special Olympic athletics
Burton, Sharon S.
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The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a sprint specific training program, an aerobic exercise training program, and a traditional physical education program on the 100-m dash performance of mentally retarded students. Subjects were 27 children between the ages of 8 and 15 years. All of the subjects participated in 8-week training programs that were implemented by the investigator. Intact classes were randomly assigned to a sprint specific training group, an aerobic exercise group, or a traditional physical education group. Subjects in all groups were pre- and posttested on the 100-m dash. The 8-week training programs consisted of 22 sessions, each 30 min in length. Sessions included a brief warm-up followed by a period of specific training, and ended with a cool-down activity. The data collected were subject to an analysis of covariance. Results indicated no significant difference in the running speed among the three groups following participation in the 8-week training programs. However, practical significance was noted by improved running form and greater knowledge of how to properly run the 100-m dash for subjects in the sprint specific trained group.