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Rheumatology physicians' recommendations related to weight-bearing exercise for children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

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dc.contributor.advisor Zimmerman, M. Nadine en_US Setterquist, Karin J. en_US 2016-04-22T19:50:37Z 2016-04-22T19:50:37Z 1986
dc.description Bibliography: pages [64]-68. en_US
dc.description.abstract The purposes of this study were to ascertain the differences among doctors of rheumatology toward (a) weight-bearing exercise for children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), and (b) recommendations for physical education activities for children within three different age groups. The subjects for this research were 75 rheumatology specialists belonging to the Illinois Chapter of the Arthritis Foundation. A questionnaire was developed by the researcher and mailed to the selected physicians. They were asked to respond to the questions presented on a 5-point, Likert-type scale. Fifty-five percent of the physicians responded (JN = 34). Approximately 50% of the physicians responding to the questionnaire reported that they sometimes recommended weight-bearing exercise for, children with JRA. An ANOVA was used to calculate whether frequency of recommendations for weight-bearing exercise varies according to the physician's case load. Rheumatology specialists with a very high case load (100 or more patients) recommended weight-bearing exercise significantly more often than doctors with lesser loads. Physical education was frequently recommended by 77% of the participants, and 40% recommended adapted (modified) physical education. Regular physical education was recommended by 34.6%. Very few (5 or less) specific activities were recommended by at least 25% of the responding rheumatologists in each of three age groups. Activities recommended for preschool age children (0-4 years) include walking, swimming, dancing, crawling, and creeping. Swimming, walking, cycling, and dancing were recommended by at least 25% of the respondents for elementary school-age (6-11 years) and secondary school-age (12-18 years) children with JRA. Golf was recommended by 27.2% for 12- to 18-year-old JRA children. Swimming received the greatest percentage of recommendations overall: (a) preschool age, 50%; (b) elementary school age, 6-11 years, 77.3%; and (c) secondary school age, 12-18 years, 80%. Only 12.5% frequently recommended running. A majority of the doctors also did not frequently recommend any of the individual or team sport activities listed. It was concluded that doctors of rheumatology do differ in recommendations for weight-bearing exercise, and recommendations for physical activities for children with JRA varied among the age groups. en_US
dc.format.extent vii, 78 pages en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Northern Illinois University en_US
dc.rights NIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Rheumatoid arthritis in children en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Exercise for children en_US
dc.title Rheumatology physicians' recommendations related to weight-bearing exercise for children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis en_US
dc.type.genre Dissertation/Thesis en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.contributor.department Department of Physical Education en_US M.S. Ed. (Master of Education) en_US

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