The effect of relaxation training on anxiety and achievement in second-grade children
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of relaxation training on anxiety and achievement scores in 32 second-grade students. A non-equivalent, control group, pre-test, post-test design was employed within the framework of Lazarus7 stress and coping paradigm. Anxiety was evaluated using the Child Anxiety Scale, achievement was measured by the National Metropolitan Achievement Test and the relaxation training utilized was the Kiddie Quieting Response. An independent t-test documented equivalency of groups on pre-treatment anxiety, therefore independent t-tests were used to test between group hypotheses. No significant difference in anxiety or achievement was noted between groups at the p=.05 level. A dependent t-test documented no significant decrease in anxiety post-treatment within the treatment group at the p=.05 level. Age may partially explain lack of results. Further research documenting children's perceptions of stress and replication of previous studies is recommended.