Year 2000 health objectives for the nation : health and physical fitness leader's perceptions of organizational goal orientation and achievement
Pfohl, Shellie Y.
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The federal government, with the help of both private and public health professionals, has created the Year 2000 Health Objectives for the Nation. These objec tives serve to create common goals for all health profes sionals to promote optimal health status and prevent premature mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions held by selected groups of health and physical fitness leaders regarding: (1) how "fitting" the Year 2000 Health Objectives are for their organization, and (2) the "extent" to which the objectives are being addressed by their organization. Risk reduction and public awareness objectives (n = 35) from the health promotion priority area of the Year 2000 Health Objectives were selected for this study. These included the areas of physical activity and fitness, nutrition, tobacco, alcohol and other drugs, and vitality and independence of older people. Association for Fitness in Business (AFB) members (n = 178) in academic, community, hospital, private, and corporate organizations completed a questionnaire and information sheet. Conclusions of the study were: (1) health and fitness leaders' perceptions of how "fitting" the objectives are for their organization's mission did not significantly differ by subgroup, and (2) health and fitness leaders' perceptions regarding the "extent to which their organization is addressing the objectives did not significantly differ by subgroup. These conclusions have implications for the diffusion of the Year 2000 Health Objectives for the Nation. While the subjects did not significantly differ, they all indicated that the objectives were appropriate for their organization to address. Furthermore, they said their organizations were at least somewhat addressing the objectives.