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Lexical Stress and Linguistic Predictability Influence Proofreading Behavior

Show simple item record Harris, Lindsay N., 1979-- en_US Perfetti, Charles A. en_US 2016-02-26T15:40:01Z 2016-02-26T15:40:01Z 2016-02-09
dc.identifier.citation Harris, L. N., & Perfetti, C. A. (2016). Lexical stress and linguistic predictability influence proofreading behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 96. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00096. en_US
dc.description.abstract There is extensive evidence that the segmental (i.e., phonemic) layer of phonology is routinely activated during reading, but little is known about whether phonological activation extends beyond phonemes to subsegmental layers (which include articulatory information, such as voicing) and suprasegmental layers (which include prosodic information, such as lexical stress). In three proofreading experiments, we show that spelling errors are detected more reliably in syllables that are stressed than in syllables that are unstressed if comprehension is a goal of the reader, indicating that suprasegmental phonology is both active during silent reading and can influence orthographic processes. In Experiment 1, participants received instructions to read for both errors and comprehension, and we found that the effect of lexical stress interacted with linguistic predictability, such that detection of errors in more predictable words was aided by stress but detection of errors in less predictable words was not. This finding suggests that lexical stress patterns can be accessed prelexically if an upcoming word is sufficiently predictable from context. Participants with stronger vocabularies showed decreased effects of stress on task performance, which is consistent with previous findings that more skilled readers are less swayed by phonological information in decisions about orthographic form. In two subsequent experiments, participants were instructed to read only for errors (Experiment 2) or only for comprehension (Experiment 3); the effect of stress disappeared when participants read for errors and reappeared when participants read for comprehension, reconfirming our hypothesis that predictability is a driver of lexical stress effects. In all experiments, errors were detected more reliably in words that were difficult to predict from context than in words that were highly predictable. Taken together, this series of experiments contributes two important findings to the field of reading and cognition: (1) The prosodic property of lexical stress can influence orthographic processing, and (2) Predictability inhibits the detection of errors in written language processing. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NICHD grant R01HD058566-02 Author fees paid for by the Northern Illinois University Libraries Open Access Publishing Fund en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject error detection en_US
dc.subject spelling en_US
dc.subject proofreading en_US
dc.subject orthographic processing en_US
dc.subject lexical stress en_US
dc.title Lexical Stress and Linguistic Predictability Influence Proofreading Behavior en_US
dc.type.genre Article en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.contributor.department Department of Leadership, Educational Psychology, and Foundations (LEPF) en_US

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