A profile of the fitness levels of visually impaired adults and their attitudes toward physical fitness
Zipilivan, Monica Lee
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The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between physical fitness scores and attitudes toward earlier instruction in physical education within a visually impaired population. Subjects included 30 males and females between the ages of 20 and 40 years. A survey consisting of 21 ranked questions and 5 open-ended questions regarding subjects’ attitudes toward physical education was administered, along with four physical fitness measures. Pearson product-moment correlations showed no significant difference between the survey items and the Rockport Walk Test (r = -.3061), Body Mass Index (r = -.1451), or Sit-and-Reach (r = -.0651) scores. However, there was a significant difference (p < .05) between the survey items and timed sit-ups (r = 0.36). The results of this study suggest little or no relationship between an individual’s early attitudes regarding physical education and current level of physical fitness.