Restraint, hunger, and emotional effects on dietary disinhibition
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The present study examined the possible disinhibiting impacts of dietary restraint, hunger, and emotions from the perspective of overweight females who were about to enter a weight-loss program. The participants' ages and body mass indices (BMI) were recorded in addition to recording their responses to the role of dietary restraint, hunger, and emotions in their efforts at weight management. Results indicate a significant and a positive correlation between hunger, emotions, and disinhibition and a significant negative correlation between dietary restraint and disinhibition. Most participants reported strong disinhibiting effects of hunger and emotions. A multiple regression used to clarify the relationship between each of the variables demonstrated that the combination of scores for the hunger and emotional effects predicted more of the variation in disinhibiiton than any of the scores independently. Although restraint had a moderate negative correlation with disinhibition, there was no evidence to support the concept that disinhibition is the response to restraint. Age and BMI failed to show any association with disinhibition.