Patterns of life at Pueblo Blanco, New Mexico : determining occupation and abandonment through the use of ceramic surface collection analysis
Hamlen, Patricia Leanne
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This thesis project uses the principles of survey archaeology and the use of surface collection techniques to determine occupation patterns at a protohistoric (A.D. 1450-1680) pueblo site, Pueblo Blanco, located in the northern Rio Grande Valley of New Mexico. Survey data from another pueblo site, San Marcos, was also analyzed. Using ceramic categories having chronological significance, statistical analysis, and typological analysis of ceramic rim form, sequential patterns of occupation were found to exist across these two sites prior to their abandonment. Questions regarding the validity of these findings are addressed using density studies and historical accounts. This work provides a deeper understanding of aggregated pueblo village life. Project conclusions imply a need to reconsider methods used to calculate pueblo population prior to European contact.