Job satisfaction of athletic directors in the National Collegiate Athletic Association
The purposes of this study were to examine the level of job satisfaction of athletic directors in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), to investigate the job facets that most influence their level of job satisfaction, and to determine if significant differences exist in the level of job satisfaction among the athletic directors at NCAA Division I, II, and III institutions. The long form version of the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) was mailed along with a cover letter and personal data form to 525 athletic directors in NCAA Division I, II, and III institutions (175 questionnaires per division). One hundred seventy seven (177) returned questionnaires were deemed usable (48 from Division I, 59 from Division II, and 70 from Division III), representing a 33.71% usable return rate. Percentages for demographic variables were generated and reported for the entire sample as well as individual divisions for such variables as: age, gender, race, marital status, educational level, educational background, years of experience as an athletic director, years of experience in an intercollegiate athletic department, number of job changes, and NCAA divisional classification. The mean and standard deviations of the 20 MSQ facets and the general satisfaction score were also determined for the pooled data and the individual divisions. A one-way ANOVA (p< 05) was calculated and indicated that there is no significant difference in the level of job satisfaction or facet ranking among NCAA athletic directors based on divisional breakdown and that, in general, athletic directors are satisfied with their jobs. The highest ranking facets contributing to the level of job satisfaction were "moral values," "social service," and "activity" and those ranking the lowest were "compensation," "advancement," and "company policies" for the entire population of athletic directors.