Influence of fitness activity modality on high school students' feeling states
Hannon, James C.
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The purpose of this study was to determine if senior high school students’ positive well-being, psychological distress, fatigue, and enjoyment change with different modes of fitness activity (traditional fitness vs. sport fitness) at a moderate level of intensity (140-180 bpm). Fifty-five sophomores, juniors, and seniors enrolled in a high school physical education class participated in one of four fitness activities every other day. Two activities were traditional fitness (running; step-aerobics) and two were sport fitness (ballistic basketball; ultimate indoor soccer). Participants were required to maintain a moderate exercise intensity (140-180 bpm) for a minimum of 20 minutes out of a 30-minute lesson as measured by POLAR ACCUREX II heart rate monitors. Participants completed a Subjective Exercise Experiences Scale (SEES) pre- and postexercise in order to determine changes in positive well-being, psychological distress, and fatigue. Participants responded to an additional item, postexercise, in order to assess post-activity levels of enjoyment. Results showed that over time participants displayed a significant increase in positive well-being (£ 1,239 = 18.73, < .0001) after participation regardless of the activity. No significant differences were discovered when examining participants’ perceptions of fatigue or psychological distress. Analysis of covariance revealed no significant differences between activities for positive well-being, psychological distress, or fatigue. In relation to post-activity perceptions of enjoyment, analysis of variance displayed a significant difference (£ 3 ^ 3 4 = 11.53, e < .0001) between activities. Participants enjoyed ballistic basketball and ultimate indoor soccer more than running and step aerobics. Based on the findings of this study we conclude that participants experience greater enjoyment through participation in sport fitness activities as opposed to traditional fitness activities. We also conclude that positive well-being increases over time regardless of the activity when performed at a moderate exercise intensity.