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dc.contributor.authorKuczen, Carlyen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-18T18:48:57Z
dc.date.available2015-12-18T18:48:57Z
dc.date.issued1998
dc.identifier.urihttp://commons.lib.niu.edu/handle/10843/14694
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (pages [60]-63)en_US
dc.description.abstractResearch has suggested that women who experience sexual assault are at risk for developing various types of psychopathology, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One of the symptom clusters of PTSD is increased physiological arousal that was not present before the traumatic experience. Research has shown that combat veterans with PTSD exhibit an intensified eye blink startle response to auditory stimuli. When compared to the combat literature, the existing research on the startle response to acoustic stimuli in victims of sexual abuse is lacking. There is only one published study on the topic. The purpose of the present study was to examine the eye blink startle responses of three groups of women: those with a history of recent sexual abuse with PTSD, those with a history of recent sexual abuse without PTSD, and those with no history of abuse without PTSD. It was hypothesized that victims of recent contact sexual abuse who exhibit symptoms of PTSD would exhibit a larger eye blink startle response at moderate- and highintensity acoustic stimuli than victims of recent contact sexual abuse without symptoms of PTSD. It was further hypothesized that individuals who reported no history of abuse would exhibit the smallest eye blink startle response of the three groups. The sample consisted of 14 women with a history of recent sexual assault and PTSD, 14 women with a history of recent sexual assault and no PTSD, and 15 women with no history of abuse and no PTSD. There were no significant differences between the three groups in the magnitude of the eye blink startle responses. It should be noted that for the highest decibel level, the means were in the hypothesized direction. The findings of the present study are inconsistent with the existing literature in the field of the startle response and PTSD. Continued research is needed before any definitive conclusions can be made regarding the effects of sexual assault and PTSD on the startle response.en_US
dc.format.extentiv, 97 pagesen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherNorthern Illinois Universityen_US
dc.rightsNIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.en_US
dc.subject.lcshStartle reactionen_US
dc.subject.lcshRape--Psychological aspectsen_US
dc.subject.lcshPost-traumatic stress disorderen_US
dc.titleThe effects of posttraumatic stress disorder and sexual assault on the startle responseen_US
dc.type.genreDissertation/Thesisen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.description.degreeM.A. (Master of Arts)en_US


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