Context, racial/ethnic background, and gender : a test of the traitedness construct
Bolin, Aaron U.
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Traitedness refers to the degree to which an individual can be characterized by a trait across situations. Several methods of measuring this construct have been proposed including marking or starring central traits, self-reported consistency, and item-response variance. The item-response variance method of measuring traitedness has received the most research attention resulting in several different computational formulas. In this study, a cross-situational test of the traitedness construct was conducted on each of the "Big Five" personality traits to explore the possibility of traitedness as an explanatory mechanism of context effects, racial/ethnic background differences, and gender differences in personality. Results indicate that traitedness is moderately consistent across situations and related to racial/ethnic background. Furthermore, traitedness helped to partially explain context effects for openness to experience and racial/ethnic background differences for extroversion and agreeableness. Implications of these results are discussed.