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dc.contributor.advisorKind, Joshua B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMiceli-Hoffman, Ginaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-11T20:38:43Z
dc.date.available2015-12-11T20:38:43Z
dc.date.issued1999
dc.identifier.urihttp://commons.lib.niu.edu/handle/10843/14593
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.en_US
dc.description.abstractDuring the tumultuous 1930?s Depression Era, President Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated the Rural Resettlement Administration (RA)/Federal Security Administration (FSA), instituting financial relief programs for destitute farmers and migrant families. In the summer of 1935, the President established a unit entitled the Historical Section, designed to publicize the United States Government social reform programs through the use of the medium of photography. Roy E. Stryker, Director of the Historical Section, hired the experienced artists Ben Shahn, Dorothea Lange, and Russell Lee as government employees within this department. As government employees, the RA/FSA photographers? duties were comprised of the documentation of destitute migrant families in need of RA/FSA financial assistance for application as promotional distribution to the media. The objective of this thesis is to demonstrate that Ben Shahn, Dorothea Lange, and Russell Lee, depicted RA/FSA recipients disguised as the Madonna and Child to legitimize and promote President Franklin D. Roosevelt?s ?New Deal? RA/FSA programs. A combination of formal and iconographical analysis of RA/FSA photographs manipulated by Ben Shahn, Dorothea Lange, and Russell Lee reveal the recurring motif of the Madonna and Child. A social art historical analysis of the patronage of the RA/FSA photographers, under the direction of Roy E. Stryker and the United States Government, divulges the desire for sympathetic, universal, and heroic images of y RA/FSA recipients. Illustrated in this paper is Roy E. Stryker?s influence on the RA/FSA photographers? Ben Shahn, Dorothea Lange, and Russell Lee. Presented is Stryker?s admiration for the photography of Jacob Riis and Lewis Hine, his request for sympathetic portrayals of RA/FSA recipients, and insistence on documentation of the religious milieu of the time period. An analysis of RA/FSA photographs created by Ben Shahn, Dorothea Lange, and Russell Lee suggests that the RA/FSA photographers were encouraged by Roy E. Stryker to depict RA/FSA recipients disguised as the Madonna and Child.en_US
dc.format.extentx, 111 pagesen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherNorthern Illinois Universityen_US
dc.rightsNIU theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from Huskie Commons for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without the written permission of the authors.en_US
dc.subject.lcshMary, Blessed Virgin, Saint--Arten_US
dc.subject.lcshShahn, Ben, 1898-1969--Criticism and interpretationen_US
dc.subject.lcshLange, Dorothea--Criticism and interpretationen_US
dc.subject.lcshLee, Russell, 1903---Criticism and interpretationen_US
dc.subject.lcshRiis, Jacob A. (Jacob August), 1849-1914--Criticism and interpretationen_US
dc.subject.lcshHine, Lewis Wickes, 1874-1940--Criticism and interpretationen_US
dc.subject.lcshUnited States. Resettlement Administration--Historyen_US
dc.subject.lcshUnited States. Farm Security Administration--Historyen_US
dc.subject.lcshDocumentary photography--United States--History--20th centuryen_US
dc.subject.lcshPhotography--United States--History--20th centuryen_US
dc.titleThe madonna and child motif in the photography of Jacob Riis, Lewis W. Hine and the RA/FSA photograhers Ben Shahn, Dorothea Lange, and Russell Leeen_US
dc.type.genreDissertation/Thesisen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Arten_US
dc.description.degreeM.A. (Master of Arts)en_US


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