What is the Relationship between Adolescent Adjustment and Distress from Ostracism?
Nelson, Taylor A., 1993-
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This investigation examined the relationship between adolescent adjustment and distress from ostracism. Specifically, it looked at whether peer victimization and maternal consulting about peer relationships moderate the relationship between adolescents' overall depression and distress from ostracism. Several questions were of interest. First, is the relationship between adolescents' overall depression and distress from ostracism moderated by maternal consulting? It was hypothesized that higher levels of overall depression in conjunction with higher levels of consulting will be related to lower levels of distress. Second, is the relationship between adolescents overall depression in distress from ostracism moderated by victimization? It was hypothesized that higher levels of overall depression in conjunction with higher levels of victimization will be related to higher levels of distress from ostracism. Third, are these effects moderated by gender? Seventy adolescents and their mothers participated in the study. The mean age of the adolescents was 12.39 years old and 51.4% of the adolescents were girls. The participants completed several questionnaires relevant to the variables of interest. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to examine the research questions. The three hypotheses proposed were not supported; however, consulting was found to be positively correlated with both relational victimization and distress from ostracism. Additionally, depression was positively related to adolescent and mother reports of victimization. The adolescent and mother reports of victimizations were positively correlated, as well.