The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978
MetadataShow full item record
This project focuses on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 and its role in the history of equal employment opportunity law in the United States. Although Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed discrimination based on sex, many women continued to experience discrimination in hiring and on the job. A series of legal cases were filed between 1965 and 1978 that challenged employer discrimination against pregnant women in particular. Court victories and lobbying by women’s rights groups led Congress to take action in 1978 and pass the Pregnancy Discrimination Act. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act created specific rights for pregnant women to guarantee equal and fair treatment in the workplace and in health insurance. The importance of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act is still evident today as the U.S. Supreme Court is hearing a pregnancy discrimination case, Young v. United Parcel Service.